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Employed or inactive? : cross-national differences in coding parental leave beneficiaries in European labour force survey data

Beschäftigt oder nicht aktiv? : internationale Unterschiede beim Codieren von Elterngeldbeziehern in europäischen Umfrage-Daten zum Arbeitspotenzial
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Mikucka, Malgorzata; Valentova, Marie

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Abstract "In survey research the parental leave beneficiaries are usually coded as either employed or inactive. An exception is the European Labor Force Survey (EU-LFS), which includes parental leave among other forms of being employed but temporarily not working. This paper explores classification of parental leave takers in EU-LFS. The authors show that classification rules differ cross-nationally: in some countries parental leave takers are considered inactive, in others - employed but temporarily not working. In particular in the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary and Slovakia the EU-LFS data classify the beneficiaries as inactive. The authors estimate the number of mothers on parental leave in these countries and show that EU-LFS employment rates of women aged 18-40 are biased downwards 2-7 percentage points; for mothers of children aged 0-2 the bias reaches 12-45 percentage points. Their study shows the limited comparability of EU-LFS employment rates and warns about possible bias in cross-national studies." (author's abstract)
Keywords parental leave; classification; international comparison; error; maternity leave; labor force participation
Classification Labor Market Research; Methods and Techniques of Data Collection and Data Analysis, Statistical Methods, Computer Methods
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 169-179
Journal Survey Research Methods, 7 (2013) 3
ISSN 1864-3361
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications