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The hybridization of vocational training and higher education in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland


Graf, Lukas

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Abstract Austria, Germany, and Switzerland are increasingly relying on hybridization at the nexus of vocational training and higher education to increase permeability and reform their highly praised systems of collective skill formation. This historical and organizational institutionalist study compares these countries to trace the evolution of their skill regimes from the 1960s to today‘s era of Europeanization, focusing especially on the impact of the Bologna and Copenhagen processes.
Keywords vocational education; university level of education; education system; training; permeability; Switzerland; Austria; Federal Republic of Germany; historical development; Europeanization; educational policy; European Policy; Bologna Process; sandwich course; entrance requirements; university admission; technical college; vocational school; vocational secondary school
Classification Vocational Training, Adult Education; University Education; Macroanalysis of the Education System, Economics of Education, Educational Policy
Free Keywords hybridization; European Qualification Framework (EQF)
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Publisher Budrich UniPress
City Opladen
ISBN 978-3-86388-043-9
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works