Bibtex export


@book{ García Pinzón2020,
 title = {Colombia: Between the Dividends of Peace and the Shadow of Violence},
 author = {García Pinzón, Viviana},
 year = {2020},
 series = {GIGA Focus Lateinamerika},
 pages = {12},
 volume = {2},
 address = {Hamburg},
 publisher = {GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien, Institut für Lateinamerika-Studien},
 issn = {1862-3573},
 urn = {},
 abstract = {Post-peace accord Colombia is full of paradoxes. Progress in political participation, in inclusion, and heightened social mobilisation are unfolding against a backdrop of persistent violence and insecurity. While the end of the war with the FARC-Ep has enabled relevant democratic advances, the lack of implementation regarding the peace accord as well as the current government's policies raise serious concerns about the prospects for peace and democracy.
The peace agreement between the state and FARC-Ep guerrillas has been a contested subject in Colombian politics. Although the transition has been far from smooth, it has enabled opportunities for peacebuilding and shifted the public debate towards issues such as inequality and corruption.
Amid this transitional context, President Iván Duque's government has not managed to develop a political project according to the post-accord scenario. Unable to either please the most radical factions of his right-wing party, Democratic Centre, or to build a government in line with the demands of the Colombian citizenry, Duque's approval rating has plummeted to just 23 per cent.
Social discontent manifested on the streets in the form of mass demonstrations at the end of 2019. While the demands made point to long-standing problems, the shortcomings of the current government have led to discontent being channelled through the figure of Duque specifically. A salient trait of the protests is the participation of the urban, middle class, and youth.
Meanwhile, violence has not come to a halt. A reconfiguration of non-state armed actors and the emergence of further violence are taking place in different localities against the backdrop of the structural factors that the peace process never resolved. The Colombian government has also failed to protect the lives of social leaders and former FARC-Ep combatants.
The response of the government to citizens' demands raises serious concerns about both the governance capabilities of President Duque and the repercussions thereof for the already undermined credibility of the Colombian state and its democratic institutions. Complicating matters, the half-hearted implementation of the peace agreement and the persistence of violence suggest a grim outlook. In the face of all this, it is crucial to support the efforts of actors committed to peacebuilding endeavours.},
 keywords = {Kolumbien; Colombia; Konflikt; conflict; Friedensvertrag; peace treaty; sozialer Konflikt; social conflict; politische Partizipation; political participation; Protestbewegung; protest movement; Friedensprozess; peace process; Südamerika; South America}}