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%T Justice from an interdisciplinary perspective: the impact of the revolution in Human Sciences on Peace Research and International Relations
%A Müller, Harald
%E Fehl, Caroline
%E Peters, Dirk
%E Wisotzki, Simone
%E Wolff, Jonas
%P 29-64
%D 2019
%I Springer VS
%@ 978-3-658-25196-3_2
%> https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-63600-8
%U https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-658-25196-3_2
%X Peace and justice have been a preferred couple in theoretical writings - but what do we know about their empirical relationship? Insights from other disciplines suggest that humans are highly sensitive to violations of justice and that justice concerns permeate social relations. Neuroscientists have located the parts of the brain responsible for negative reactions to violation of claims for justice. Evolutionary biologists have identified rules of distribution and retribution not only in early human societies but among other socially living species as well. Psychologists have observed the emergence of a sense of justice in very early childhood, while behavioral economists have identified behavior of average persons in experiments that deviated significantly from the model of the "economic man" and could only be explained by a sense of justice. The chapter summarizes these findings and outlines their implications for peace research. It highlights the ambivalent nature of justice for social relations. Justice concerns can exacerbate conflicts between individuals and groups but justice can also provide standards for arriving at durable peaceful solutions to conflicts. Understanding these ambivalences and their repercussions for international and intrastate relations provides a promising path towards understanding conflict dynamics.
%C Wiesbaden
%G en
%9 Sammelwerksbeitrag
%W GESIS - http://www.gesis.org
%~ SSOAR - http://www.ssoar.info