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@article{ Heimann2019,
 title = {Challenging the nation-state from within: the emergence of transmunicipal solidarity in the course of the EU refugee controversy},
 author = {Heimann, Christiane and Müller, Sandra and Schammann, Hannes and Stürner, Janina},
 journal = {Social Inclusion},
 number = {2},
 pages = {208-218},
 volume = {7},
 year = {2019},
 issn = {2183-2803},
 doi = {},
 abstract = {In the context of the so-called refugee crisis, political disputes about solidarity become a central issue with member states applying competing concepts. At the same time, European cities use transnational networks to implement a new form of solidarity among municipalities via city diplomacy (Acuto, Morissette & Tsouros, 2017). Analyzing the deadlock between member states and the emerging activities of cities, we scrutinize the limits of existing approaches to political solidarity (e.g., Agustín & Jørgensen, 2019; Knodt, Tews & Piefer, 2014; Sangiovanni, 2013) to explain this phenomenon. Based on expert interviews and document analysis from a study on transnational municipal networks, we identify an emerging concept of solidarity that challenges the nation states as core providers of solidarity from within: transmunicipal solidarity focuses on joint action of local governments to scale out and scale up.},
 keywords = {EU; network; policy on refugees; migration policy; Solidarität; Stadt; town; Netzwerk; Konzeption; conception; Migrationspolitik; Integrationspolitik; integration policy; solidarity; Flüchtlingspolitik; EU}}