Endnote export


%T Venezuelan Migration Crisis puts the Region's Democratic Governability at Risk
%A Mijares, Víctor M.
%A Rojas Silva, Nastassja
%P 13
%V 6
%D 2018
%K Rentierstaat; Transnationaler Prozess; Fragile Staaten; Gescheiterte Staaten; UNASUR
%@ 1862-3573
%> https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-59911-3
%X As Venezuela has become increasingly authoritarian and its population more and more impoverished, one of the largest waves of migration in the Western Hemisphere has been the consequence hereof. Since 2014, some 2.3 million Venezuelans have fled the country.
The politicisation of Venezuela's state-owned oil company, Petróleos de Ve­ne­zuela (PDVSA), has led to a 50 per cent drop in production since 2013. As a result, oil revenues have become insufficient to maintain the petro-state and its society, generating shortages that have forced millions to emigrate.
Venezuela's mass exodus is affecting neighbouring countries - namely, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil. This humanitarian crisis is increasingly putting democratic governability in South America at risk, at a moment when the capacity for regional governance has reached a new low.
The Venezuelan crisis has triggered a political division within Latin America. The Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) has virtually disintegrated: Colombia and Paraguay have withdrawn, while Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Peru have suspended their participation.
South America is proving unable to find a solution to the Venezuelan crisis on its own. Neither the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) nor the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) have been capable of managing the situation. It is therefore imperative that the Organization of American States (OAS) be revitalised, returning it to its core principles and values in the name of regional governance. This is necessary not only to manage the current Venezuelan crisis, but also to prevent the country from becoming a role model for authoritarian tendencies in other ones in the region too.
%C Hamburg
%G en
%9 Arbeitspapier
%W GESIS - http://www.gesis.org
%~ SSOAR - http://www.ssoar.info