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@article{ Kogan2012,
 title = {Educational Systems and Inequalities in Educational Attainment in Central and Eastern European Countries},
 author = {Kogan, Irena and Gebel, Michael and Noelke, Clemens},
 journal = {Studies of Transition States and Societies},
 number = {1},
 pages = {69-83},
 volume = {4},
 year = {2012},
 issn = {1736-8758},
 urn = {},
 abstract = {"Before exploring the selectivity of educational attainment in detail, this article extensively describes
the contours of educational systems in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. These countries
provide an interesting setting in view of their post-secondary education expansion and differentiation,
as well as their variation in the degree of vocational orientation at the secondary level. Drawing on high
quality, national micro data, we find that students from disadvantaged family backgrounds who manage
to enter post-secondary education are ‘diverted’ to second-tier post-secondary institutions, while longterm
university programs are more likely to be dominated by students whose parents have an academic
background. At the secondary level, we confirm the patterns of negative selection among students
from lower social backgrounds into lower vocational programs. This diversion effect at the secondary
level is especially pronounced in CEE countries that inherited a strong secondary vocational system and
reinstalled early tracking." (author's abstract)},
 keywords = {Osteuropa; Eastern Europe; Mitteleuropa; Central Europe; vergleichende Forschung; comparative research; Bildungsbeteiligung; participation in education; Bildungswesen; education system; Ausbildungssystem; vocational training system; Bildungschance; educational opportunity; Hochschulbildung; university level of education; Hochschulzugang; university admission; Sekundarbereich; secondary education; soziale Faktoren; social factors; sozioökonomische Faktoren; socioeconomic factors; soziale Schichtung; social stratification; soziale Ungleichheit; social inequality}}