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Trendy ve výběru střední školy v socialistickém Československu

Patterns of Secondary School Tracking in Socialist Czechoslovakia
[journal article]

Kreidl, Martin

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Abstract Analyzes the historical variation of secondary school tracking in formerly socialist Czechoslovakia, using multinomial logistic regression & focusing on the effects of family background on the odds of making the transition to vocational, technical, or academic secondary schools. I also test various hypotheses regarding trends in educational reproduction, socioeconomic inequality in access to secondary education, & the impact of political status of parents on access to secondary education. Educational expansion, unlike 'communist affirmative action,' dramatically reduced educational reproduction at the secondary level. Positive & negative discrimination on the basis of parental occupation, however, considerably diminished the advantage of higher status children in the transition to vocational & technical schools in the early 1950s & 1970s, but never affected access to academic secondary schools. The consequences of parental political status for their children's education display remarkable variation, which is unmistakably responsive to historical events. The multinomial transition model also reveals the cross-temporal dynamics of tracking in Czechoslovakia. The postwar expansion of the educational system brought about double benefits. While larger numbers of lower-class, rural, & female students enrolled in secondary schools, their higher enrollments were confined to vocational schools. Though a large number of higher status children were enrolled throughout the 1948-1989 period, their enrollments in vocational schools dropped as they began to fill positions in the growing technical & academic schools.
Classification Sociology of Education
Free Keywords Secondary Education; Tracking (Education); Educational Attainment; Educational Inequality; Educational Opportunities; Vocational Education; Czechoslovakia; Socialist Societies
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2002
Page/Pages p. 565-592
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 38 (2002) 5
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications