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Diglosní situace z hlediska genderu

Diglossia from the Point of View of Gender
[journal article]

Leeuwen-Turnovcova, Jirina van

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Abstract Discusses the development of some European speech communities - Czech, Russian, & German - using Ferguson's concept of diglossia. 'Diglossia' refers to a language situation in which a prestigious standard or 'high' variety of a given language exists alongside vernacular or 'low' varieties. The two varieties are linguistically related, but differ significantly. The former is typically used in formal speech domains & in writing, & the latter in all others. While there are no actual 'native' speakers of the 'high' variety, all members of the diglossic community are native speakers of one of the 'low' varieties. Taking into account sociohistorical, cultural, & particularly gender aspects, the author examines the weak position the 'high' variety occupies in spoken Czech discourse. The author analyses the sources behind the diglossic situation of the Czech language & links them to the diminished status of the Czech elite (aristocracy, bourgeoisie) during the past two centuries & to the minor contribution Czech women have made to the acquisition of the 'high' variety within the family.
Classification Sociology of Communication, Sociology of Language, Sociolinguistics; Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies
Free Keywords Diglossia; Language Varieties; Slavic Languages; Germanic Languages; Language Social Class Relationship; Elites; Czech Republic
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2002
Page/Pages p. 457-482
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 38 (2002) 4
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications