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Social Determination of Living Conditions in Post-Communist Societies

[journal article]

Robert, Peter

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Abstract Draws on a 1993 survey of adults in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, & Slovakia (N = 4,500+ in each country) to examine everyday social inequality in postcommunist Central & Eastern Europe. Living conditions are operationalized in terms of material & cultural consumption, & their possible demographic & structural determinants are investigated. Variations among countries (eg, Hungary's greater inequality of living conditions) are partly accounted for by type & age of economic transformation, continuing strength of the old distributive hierarchy, & importance of the informal economy. Intranational differences are explained only moderately by income (moreso in Hungary & Poland) & are significantly related to education & class. Class & occupation are particularly useful for analyzing inconsistent consumption; eg, high cultural combined with low material consumption is most common among certain white-collar professions, while market-oriented employment is associated with high material but low cultural consumption.
Classification Macrosociology, Analysis of Whole Societies; Social Problems
Free Keywords Political Factors; Socioeconomic Factors; Eastern Europe; Europe; Postcommunist Societies; Social Inequality; Living Conditions; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Hungary; Poland; Russia; Slovak Republic
Document language English
Publication Year 1997
Page/Pages p. 197-215
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 5 (1997) 2
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications