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The development of cognitive, language, and cultural skills from age 3 to 6: a comparison between children of Turkish origin and children of native-born German parents and the role of immigrant parents' acculturation to the receiving society

[journal article]

Becker, Birgit; Klein, Oliver; Biedinger, Nicole

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Abstract This article analyzes the longitudinal development of differences in academic skills between children of Turkish origin and children of native-born German parents from age 3 to 6 in Germany with a focus on the role of immigrant parents’ acculturation to the receiving society. Growth curve models show that Turkish-origin children start with lower test scores at the age of regarding German language skills and cultural knowledge but not with respect to cognitive skills. The difference in the language domain decreases until the age of 6 while it increases regarding children's cultural knowledge. Immigrant parents’ acculturation to the receiving country is positively related with all three academic skill domains. The results point to the importance of early intervention strategies. (author's abstract)
Keywords child; migrant; Turkey; Federal Republic of Germany; parents; cultural identity; cultural integration; language acquisition; learning success; cognitive ability; acculturation; migration background; educational inequality; early childhood education and care; preschool education
Classification Elementary Education Sector; Sociology of Education
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 616-649
Journal American Educational Research Journal, 50 (2013) 3
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/0002831213480825
ISSN 1935-1011
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.