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Claiming sovereignty in the oil crisis: "Project Independence" and global interdependence in the United States, 1973/74

Souveränitätsbehauptungen in der Ölkrise: "Project Independence" und globale Interdependenz in den USA 1973/74

Graf, Rüdiger


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Abstract Understanding sovereignty as a claim and not a property, the article scrutinizes how the US government under Nixon countered the challenge that emerged from the oil embargo and oil price increases in 1973/74. Using a distinction made by Stephen D. Krasner,it holds that the embargo challenged US international sovereignty by establishing the limits of its interdependence sovereignty, which was supposed to undermine its domestic sovereignty. The article examines how the Nixon administration tried to both maintain and demonstrate its sovereignty by institutional reorganization,the development of state energy expertise, direct communication with the public, and diplomatic negotiations with both producing and fellow consuming countries. Thus, it looks at the politics of sovereignty under the conditions of a highly interdependent globalized economy, modern mass communication, and the rising importance of expert knowledge in political decision-making.
Thesaurusschlagwörter energy supply; crisis; crude oil; sovereignty; United States of America; energy policy; pricing policy; international relations
Klassifikation spezielle Ressortpolitik; allgemeine Geschichte
Freie Schlagwörter Nixon; 1970s
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2014
Seitenangabe S. 43-69
Zeitschriftentitel Historical Social Research, 39 (2014) 4
Heftthema The energy crises of the 1970s
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12759/hsr.39.2014.4.43-69
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht-kommerz.