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Sibling struggle for schooling : between resource dilution and collaborative learning, the Netherlands, 1850-1920

Geschwisterkampf um Schulbildung : zwischen Ressourcenminderung und gemeinschaftlichem Lernen: die Niederlande 1850-1920
[journal article]

Vandezande, Mattijis; Matthijs, Koen; Kok, Jan

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Abstract "During the 19th century illiteracy in the Netherlands declined to the level of almost non-existence. Much attention has already been paid how a child's life circumstances affect his or her ability to write. Most research does not go beyond the household or aggregate level. This study aims to explore differences in literacy within a household. Following the resource dilution hypothesis, we expected literacy to be much higher among sons (than among daughters) and among (young) children from large families (as opposed to smaller families). Indeed, more boys are literate than girls, and especially in large families the oldest children are advantaged. However, we found the gender and higher birth order discrimination to be compensated with a mechanism where older girls seem to help their younger sisters, but not their younger brothers. We therefore believe gender specific mechanisms are at work which can explain literacy variations within a household." (author's abstract)
Keywords Netherlands; nineteenth century; twentieth century; school education; siblings; birth order; learning; demography; historical analysis; gender; family; private household; education; girl; boy; comparative research
Classification Social History, Historical Social Research; Family Sociology, Sociology of Sexual Behavior; Sociology of the Youth, Sociology of Childhood
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; historical
Document language English
Publication Year 2011
Page/Pages p. 330-348
Journal Historical Social Research, 36 (2011) 3
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works