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The position of international community on the restoration of independence of the Baltic States

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Portnyagina, Maria D.

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Abstract The separation of the Baltics from the Soviet Union was a difficult process accompanied by both political and economic conflicts. The third party in the negotiation process was represented by Germany and the USA. This article sets out to identify the role of the USA and Germany in the restoration of Baltic independence. Historicism and objectivity principles serve as the methodological framework for the research. The regional approach was applied in order to integrate the features of regional development into the overall picture of world politics. The scientific and practical significance of the article lies in a scientific evaluation of the Soviet-Baltic relations in 1989—1991. This study can help understand the mechanisms of formulation of foreign policy by the USA, Germany, and the USSR, as well as the practice of political interaction between these countries and the Baltic States. The materials and conclusions of this article can be used for further research on the foreign policies of the USA, Germany, the USSR, and the Baltic republics. In the process of the Baltics gaining their independence, western countries showed an ambivalent position and hesitancy regarding support for the struggle for liberation. As a result of internal contradictions in the USSR, Baltic leaders managed to achieve independence without any effective support from western powers. The research significance of this study lies in a diverse selection of sources and a new formulation of the problem of Baltic independence. The practical significance of the article results lies in the applicability of its materials in the development of Russian foreign policy in the Baltic region, further research on the history of the Baltic region, Germany, and the USA, and preparation of lectures.
Keywords Baltic States; political independence; USSR; Federal Republic of Germany; United States of America; bilateral relations; foreign policy; USSR successor state; political negotiation
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 92-99
Journal Baltic Region (2012) 2
ISSN 2079-8555
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works