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Die politische Orientierung der 'Landjuden' in Baden am Ende der Weimarer Republik 1928-32

Political orientation of 'rural Jews' in Baden at the end of the Weimar Republic 1928-32
[journal article]

Liepach, Martin

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Abstract Die linksliberalen Neigungen der jüdischen Bevölkerung in der Weimarer Republik, die a priori für das bürgerliche, großstädtische Judentum immer angenommen wurden, setzen sich in überraschend deutlicher Weise in ländlichen und kleinstädtischen Gegenden fort. Der vorliegende Beitrag zeigt dies insbesondere für die Reichstagswahl 1928 und die Landtagswahl 1929. Der Typus des politisch konservativen Landjuden, konstruiert auf der Annahme einer religiös orthodoxen Ausrichtung, ist auf der Grundlage der hier verwandten Daten nicht repräsentativ. Selbst in der Endphase der Weimarer Republik ist der Linksliberalismus für den größten Teil der jüdischen Wählerschaft der Bezugspunkt der politischen Parteipräferenz. (ICE)

'German Jews adopted many principles of Liberalism and generally it is taken as a fact that most Jews voted for the liberal parties and supported constitutional government. But what extent had this electoral support? Is there any difference between Left and Right wing Liberalism? How strong were the links when liberal parties disappeared from the political scene during the last years of the Weimar Republic? According to various authors there is evidence that there had been a shift of Jewish voters during the final years of the republic to the Social Democrats, others claim an increasing amount of votes for the Centre Party or refer to a continuing support of Liberalism. The hypothesis differ widely and without further empirical or theoretical evidence, it is simply a matter of conviction which theory one prefers. This study establishes by means of quantitative methods the influence of the Jewish population on the success of the various parties in the rural areas of Baden in the Reichstag elections between 1928 and 1932.' (author's abstract)
Keywords Baden-Württemberg; Federal Republic of Germany; Jew; rural population; liberalism; party system; political attitude; political culture; political left; voting behavior; Weimar Republic (Germany, 1918-33)
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Social History, Historical Social Research
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; historical
Document language German
Publication Year 1997
Page/Pages p. 88-106
Journal Historical Social Research, 22 (1997) 1
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works