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To Err is Human : How Regulatory Focus and Action Orientation Predict Performance following Errors


Lange, Martijn A. de; Knippenberg, Ad van


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Abstract In the current study, we hypothesize that post-error performance is influenced by individual differences in action orientation and situationally induced regulatory focus. Two experiments employing a time pressured flanker-like task, measured participants’ dispositional action orientation and manipulated regulatory focus. As expected, accuracy of the responses following errors was reduced for all participants except for action-oriented participants in a promotion focus. The latter participants are assumed to down-regulate error-related negative affect, thereby saving resources for subsequent performance. A promotion focus is assumed to facilitate the optimal use of these resources.
Klassifikation Sozialpsychologie
Freie Schlagwörter Post-error performance; action orientation; regulatory focus; errors
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2009
Seitenangabe S. 1192-1199
Zeitschriftentitel Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (2009) 6
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.07.009
Status Postprint; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)