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The effect of social and institutional change on data production : the case of welfare state reforms on the rise and decline of unemployment and care-giving in the German pension fund data

Auswirkungen sozialen und institutionellen Wandels auf die Erstellung statistischer Daten: die Messung von Arbeitslosigkeit und ehrenamtlicher Pflege in den Lebensverlaufsdaten der Deutschen Rentenversicherung
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Mika, Tatjana

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Abstract 'Prozessproduzierte Längsschnittdaten der Rentenversicherung zeigen, welche Auswirkungen Reformen sozialstaatlicher Institutionen auf die Messung von sozialen Erwerbszuständen haben. Am Beispiel der Einführung der Pflegeversicherung zeigt sich, dass die Institutionalisierung einer neuen Sozialversicherung und die Umstellung von einer freiwilligen zu einer Pflichtversicherung eine starke Steigrung der gemessenen Aktivität mit sich bringt. Das Beispiel der Reform der Sozialleistung für Langzeitarbeitslose zeigt die Bedeutung von unterschiedlich ausgestalteten Bedürftigkeitsprüfungen auf die in den Daten enthaltene Auswahl von Personen.' (Autorenreferat)

'Using longitudinal life-course data of the German pension fund, the paper discusses effects of first-time institutionalization and of institutional filters on data production on the fields of unemployment and care-giving. Concerning 1. first time institutionalization, the data show at certain historical moments an increase/ decrease which is due to the new institutional rules and regulations and not to a drastic social change. This period effect is important if different age cohorts are compared at the same age, but different social policy periods are encompassed. 2. Institutional filters also influence the gathered information due to eligibility rules: The change in the unemployment assistance scheme resulted in an increase of the number of the registered unemployed, but the longitudinal data show that the registered unemployed have also been partly exchanged.' (author's abstract)
Keywords data; reform; social benefits; caregiving; honorary office; statistical analysis; unemployment; social insurance; persistent unemployment; method; measurement; impact; Federal Republic of Germany; life career; process-produced data; voluntariness; social change; pension insurance; institutional change; data quality; compulsory social insurance
Classification Research Design; Methods and Techniques of Data Collection and Data Analysis, Statistical Methods, Computer Methods; Social Security
Method applied research; basic research; historical
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 115-137
Journal Historical Social Research, 34 (2009) 3
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works