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The Mirror and I : when private opinions are in conflict with public norms

[journal article]

Wiekens, Carina J.; Stapel, Diederik A.

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-253062

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Abstract In two studies it is demonstrated that two self-saliency manipulations, often used interchangeably, can have profoundly different consequences. Whereas self-activation increased stereotyping in highly prejudiced participants, a mirror decreased stereotyping. Results show that this difference can be ascribed to the activation of specific self-aspects. Whereas a mirror increased both private and public self-awareness (and, hence, awareness of the social norm that stereotyping is bad), self-activation increased private self-awareness exclusively (and, hence, awareness of privately held negative stereotypes). The implications of these findings for the relation between self-awareness and conformity to social norms are discussed.
Classification Social Psychology
Free Keywords Public self-awareness; Private self-awareness; Mirror; Self-activation; Normative behavior; Stereotyping
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 1160-1166
Journal Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44 (2008) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2008.02.005
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)