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Vicarious Shame and Guilt

[journal article]

Lickel, Brian; Schmader, Toni; Curtis, Mathew; Scarnier, Marchelle; Ames, Daniel R.

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-227747

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Abstract Participants recalled instances when they felt vicariously ashamed or guilty for another’s wrongdoing and rated their appraisals of the event and resulting motivations. The study tested aspects of social association that uniquely predict vicarious shame and guilt. Results suggest that the experience of vicarious shame and vicarious guilt are distinguishable. Vicarious guilt was predicted by one’s perceived interdependence with the wrongdoer (e.g. high interpersonal interaction), an appraisal of control over the event, and a motivation to repair the other person’s wrongdoing. Vicarious shame was predicted by the relevance of the event to a shared social identity with the wrongdoer, an appraisal of self-image threat, and a motivation to distance from the event. Implications for intergroup behavior and emotion are discussed.
Free Keywords guilt; interdependence; shame; social identity; stereotypes;
Document language English
Publication Year 2005
Page/Pages p. 145-157
Journal Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 8 (2005) 2
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1368430205051064
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence PEER Licence Agreement (applicable only to documents from PEER project)