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Präsidentschaftswahlen in Indonesien: Ursachen und Hintergründe zur Wiederwahl Susilo Bambang Yudhoyonos

The re-election of the Indonesian president: reasons and background
[journal article]

Ziegenhain, Patrick

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Abstract Incumbent president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) was re-elected as Indonesian president in the elections on 8 July 2009 with over 60 per cent of the votes. The reasons for the victory were his relatively successful economic policies, his efforts in the fight against corruption, and the poor quality of his political opponents. The retired general made a military career under the authoritarian New Order and then became a politician after democratisation started in 1998. In 2004, he was elected president with the support of Islamic parties, which he then included in his government. As a person close to the military, SBY avoided reducing the privileges of the Armed Forces and thus democratic deepening has been stalled. However, there are good chances that economic progress and political stability will prevail during his second term.

Der amtierende Präsident Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono wurde in der Wahl am 8. Juli 2009 mit über 60% der Stimmen wiedergewählt. Gründe für den Wahlsieg waren seine relativ erfolgreiche Wirtschaftspolitik, seine Bemühungen im Kampf gegen die Korruption, aber auch die wenig Erfolg versprechenden Gegenkandidaten. Der General im Ruhestand machte unter der autoritären Neuen Ordnung Karriere bei den Streitkräften und wurde nach dem Beginn des Demokratisierungsprozesses im Jahr 1998 Politiker. Im Jahr 2004 wurde er mit der Unterstützung der islamischen Parteien zum Präsidenten Indonesiens gewählt. Als eine dem Militär nahestehende Person vermied er, die Privilegien der Streitkräfte zu reduzieren, was die Qualität der Demokratie nicht erhöhte. Dennoch stehen die Chancen gut, dass in seiner zweiten Amtszeit wirtschaftlicher Aufschwung und politische Stabilität anhalten werden.
Keywords Indonesia; presidential election; parliamentary election; democratization; president; election result; political system; economic policy; military; historical development; career; political stability; corruption; Southeast Asia; crime fighting; election
Classification Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; General History
Method descriptive study; empirical; quantitative empirical; historical
Free Keywords Political science; President; Election; Democratization; Politische Wissenschaft; Wahl; Indonesia; 2009
Document language German
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 81-94
Journal Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 28 (2009) 3
ISSN 1868-4882
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works
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