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Kriminalität und soziale Kontrolle als Bereiche qualitativer Sozialforschung

Crime and Social Control as Fields of Qualitative Research in the Social Sciences
Crimen y control social como campos de investigación cualitativa en las ciencias sociales
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Abstract Die Eigenschaft "kriminell" wohnt einem Vorfall nicht inne, sondern ist Resultat sozialer Beurteilungsprozesse – "Kriminalität" wird in Interaktions- und Aushandlungsprozessen in und mit den Instanzen sozialer Kontrolle und in gesellschaftlichen Diskursen konstituiert. Daher kann "Kriminalität" sinnvoll nur qualitativ untersucht werden. Der Beitrag nennt Beispiele der Anwendung qualitativer Forschung (Ethnographie, hermeneutische Wissenssoziologie, Ethnomethodologie/Konversationsanalyse, Diskursanalyse und Erzählmodell) vor allem zu devianten Subkulturen, Anzeigeverhalten und polizeilicher Ermittlung und Strafgerichtsprozeß.

Crime and social control are fields of qualitative research in the social sciences, where behavior is not inherently deviant or criminal, but rather, deviance is a matter of interpretation and judgment. "Crime" is constructed and negotiated in social discourses and processes of social interaction in and with institutions of social control. Therefore only qualitative inquiries of "crime" make sense. This paper reports examples of qualitative studies (from ethnography, hermeneutical sociology of knowledge, ethnomethodology/conversation analysis, discourse analysis and narrative analysis) especially of deviant subcultures, reporting conflicts to the police, police inquiries and interrogations and criminal court procedures.
Keywords criminality; deviant behavior; symbolic interactionism; stigmatization; interaction; interpretation; social control; discourse; qualitative method; subculture; police; jurisdiction
Classification Research Design; Criminal Sociology, Sociology of Law
Method descriptive study; empirical; qualitative empirical; basic research; development of methods
Free Keywords soziale Konstruktion; Zweiter Code des Strafjustizsystems; Ethnografie; Ethnomethodologie; Diskursanalyse; Narrationsmodell; crime as social construction; 'Verstehen'; second code of the criminal justice system; ethnography; ethnomethodology; discourse analysis; narrative analysis;
Document language German
Publication Year 2000
Page/Pages 7 p.
Journal Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 1 (2000) 1
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
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