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Soviet relations of domination: legitimate or illegitimate?

Sowjetische Machtbeziehungen: legitim oder nicht legitim?
[Arbeitspapier]

Armbruster, Chris

Zitationshinweis

Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-9431

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Abstract Questions of domination and power, legitimacy and legitimation have driven 20th century research on dictatorship and democracy, on totalitarian and authoritarian regimes, on fascism and communism and even on capitalism versus socialism. Reference to Max Weber's ideal-types of legitimate domination was universal, but the prior logical distinction between legitimate and illegitimate domination remained unexamined. Hence Soviet relations of domination were appraised as 'total', 'goal-rational', 'new traditionalist' and 'eudaemonic' but never was the legitimacy of relations of command and obedience examined closely, not even in the light of the scope, duration and intensity of Stalinist terror. We propose such a re-examination here and conclude that as a consequence of the terror Soviet (imperial) relations of domination were illegitimate. We buttress this hypothesis through a historical comparison between the Soviet, National Socialist and Chinese communist case; by contrasting it with the most theoretically informed contemporary appraisal of the Soviet path after Stalin's death; and by defending the excess content of the new hypothesis vis-à-vis such notions as 'total domination', 'goal-rational legitimation', 'new traditionalist legitimacy' and 'eudaemonic legitimacy'. Our discussion challenges sociology to develop a general theory of domination as a social relation – as begun by Max Weber but never completed.
Thesaurusschlagwörter domination; power; legitimacy; legitimation; USSR; communism; totalitarianism; Nazism; imperialism; Weber, M.; historical development; twentieth century; dictatorship; democracy; fascism
Klassifikation Staat, staatliche Organisationsformen; politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur
Methode historisch; Theorieanwendung
Freie Schlagwörter Domination; power; legitimacy; Soviet empire; terror; totalitarianism; goalrational legitimation; eudaemonic legitimacy; legal-rational domination
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2005
Erscheinungsort Berlin
Seitenangabe 26 S.
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; nicht begutachtet
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht kommerz., Keine Bearbeitung
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