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Habitatul semiurban şi urban în comitatul Arad în secolul al XVIII-lea

Urban and semi urban habitat in former county of Arad in XVIIIth century
[collection article]

Ghita, Eugen

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Abstract This study submits to our attention some qualitative and quantitative aspects related to urban and semi urban habitat from the former Arad County in the eighteenth century. If in 1715 there were 6 market towns, at the end of the century were already 15. Based on the conscriptions, urbariums and census, I have tried to detect the evolution of market towns during the entire eighteenth century. Reform policy of the Habsburg absolutism has determined even an economic and demographic increase in the market towns of Arad County. Between those 15 market towns of the county existing in 1787 only Arad had obvious urban characteristics. Here was concentrated 6.15% of the county population. By comparison with other counties from Transylvania and Hungary, I have pursued to dignify and quantify different aspects of the urbanization degree in the Arad County registered in the eighteenth century. The development of market towns in Arad County has had the same evolution with those of Central and Eastern Europe, because the agrarian character of these localities was predominant. The evolution towards urbanization was evident along the eighteenth century both in terms of population growth and a great social mobility and also in light of the economic and municipal development. The transformations in the direction of modernization registered during the eighteenth century were the basement of the future process of urbanization of Arad County in the century that has followed.
Keywords Transylvania; urbanization; eighteenth century; town; habitat; urban development; population development
Classification Demography; History
Method historical
Free Keywords urbanization; Transylvania; Arad County; market towns; XVIIIth century; habitat
Collection Title Perspective demografice, istorice şi sociologice. Studii de populaţie
Editor Bolovan, Ioan; Mureşan, Cornelia; Hărăguş, Mihaela
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2008
Publisher Presa Univ. Clujeană
City Cluj-Napoca
Page/Pages p. 263-278
ISBN 978-973-610-665-1
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works