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Mood effects on interpersonal preferences : evidence for motivated processing strategies

Stimmungseffekte auf interpersonale Präferenzen : Beweis für motivierte Verarbeitungsstrategien
[research report]

Forgas, Joseph P.

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Corporate Editor Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen -ZUMA-
Abstract In mehreren Experimenten werden die Einflüsse der Stimmungslage auf die Wahl eines Partners (z. B. eines Arbeitspartners, eines Sitzpartners oder eines Gesprächspartners) und die Informationsverarbeitungsstrategien in derartigen Situationen untersucht. Es zeigte sich, daß niedergeschlagene oder traurige Untersuchungspersonen deutlich abweichendes Verhalten zeigen, z. B. in Bezug auf die benötigte Entscheidungszeit oder die Verarbeitung von interpersonalen Informationen. Die Ergebnisse werden interpretiert als Beweis für eine stimmungsabhängige Strategiewahl bei der Verarbeitung von interpersonalen Präferenzen. (psz)

'Are interpersonal choices influenced by mood? Three experiments found that information search and decision strategies when selecting a partner are significantly influenced by feeling state and the personal relevance of the task. Personal choices by dysphoric subjects in particular were based on 'motivated processing strategies', looking for, remembering and using more effectively information about rewarding personal characteristics in a future partner. In Experiment 1 (N=60), sad subjects preferred rewarding to competent partners, and remembered better information supporting that choice. In Experiment 2 (N=96), motivated processing led to information selectivity, greater decision speed, and a distinct processing strategy. Experiment 3 (N=42) used computerized stimulus presentation, and found that sad subjects selectively choise and looked at interpersonal information, remembered it better, and were faster in choosing a rewarding partner. The results are interpreted as evidence for motivated mood-repair strategies in interpersonal choices. The implications of the findings for research on interpersonal relations, and for contemporary affect-cognition theories are discussed.' (author's abstract)
Keywords emotionality; partner relationship; personality traits; preference; social relations; grief
Classification Psychology; Social Psychology
Method empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 1991
City Mannheim
Page/Pages 30,6 p.
Series ZUMA-Arbeitsbericht, 1991/03
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications