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Does doing an apprenticeship pay off? : evidence from Ghana

[working paper]

Monk, Courtenay; Sandefur, Justin; Teal, Francis

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Corporate Editor University of Cambridge, Faculty of Education, Research Consortium on Educational Outcomes and Poverty (RECOUP)
Abstract In Ghana there is a highly developed apprenticeship system where young men and women undertake sector-specific private training, which yields skills used primarily in the informal sector. In this paper we use a 2006 urban based household survey with detailed questions on the background, training and earnings of workers in both wage and self-employment to ask whether apprenticeship pays off. We show that apprenticeship is by far the most important institution providing training and is undertaken primarily by those with junior high school or lower levels of education. The summary statistics indicate that those who have done an apprenticeship earn much less than those who have not. This suggests that endogenous selection into the apprenticeship system is important, and we take several measures to address this issue. We find a significant amount of heterogeneity in the returns to apprenticeship across education. Our most conservative estimates imply that for currently employed people, who did apprenticeships but have no formal education, the training increases their earnings by 50%. However this declines as education levels rise. We argue that our results are consistent with those who enter apprenticeship with no education having higher ability than those who enter with more education.
Keywords Ghana; West Africa; developing country; training; vocational education; education system; benefit of vocational training; participation in education; labor market; gender-specific factors
Classification Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology; Vocational Training, Adult Education; Employment Research
Method empirical
Free Keywords apprenticeship; Africa; training; treatment; control function; JEL Classification Codes O12, J24
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
City Cambridge
Page/Pages 37 p.
Series RECOUP Working Papers, 12
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works
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