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Does doing an apprenticeship pay off? : evidence from Ghana


Monk, Courtenay; Sandefur, Justin; Teal, Francis


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Körperschaftlicher Herausgeber University of Cambridge, Faculty of Education, Research Consortium on Educational Outcomes and Poverty (RECOUP)
Abstract In Ghana there is a highly developed apprenticeship system where young men and women undertake sector-specific private training, which yields skills used primarily in the informal sector. In this paper we use a 2006 urban based household survey with detailed questions on the background, training and earnings of workers in both wage and self-employment to ask whether apprenticeship pays off. We show that apprenticeship is by far the most important institution providing training and is undertaken primarily by those with junior high school or lower levels of education. The summary statistics indicate that those who have done an apprenticeship earn much less than those who have not. This suggests that endogenous selection into the apprenticeship system is important, and we take several measures to address this issue. We find a significant amount of heterogeneity in the returns to apprenticeship across education. Our most conservative estimates imply that for currently employed people, who did apprenticeships but have no formal education, the training increases their earnings by 50%. However this declines as education levels rise. We argue that our results are consistent with those who enter apprenticeship with no education having higher ability than those who enter with more education.
Thesaurusschlagwörter Ghana; West Africa; developing country; training; vocational education; education system; benefit of vocational training; participation in education; labor market; gender-specific factors; training (sports)
Klassifikation Entwicklungsländersoziologie, Entwicklungssoziologie; Bildungswesen quartärer Bereich, Berufsbildung; Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung
Methode empirisch
Freie Schlagwörter apprenticeship; Africa; treatment; control function; JEL Classification Codes O12, J24
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2008
Erscheinungsort Cambridge
Seitenangabe 37 S.
Schriftenreihe RECOUP Working Papers, 12
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht kommerz., Keine Bearbeitung