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Rates of return to education by gender in Pakistan

[Arbeitspapier]

Aslam, Monazza

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Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-67080

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Körperschaftlicher Herausgeber University of Cambridge, Faculty of Education, Research Consortium on Educational Outcomes and Poverty (RECOUP)
Abstract Differential labour market returns to male and female education are one potential explanation for large gender gaps in education in Pakistan. We empirically test this explanation by estimating private returns to education separately for male and female wage earners. This paper contributes to the literature by using a variety of methodologies (Ordinary Least Squares, Heckman correction, 2SLS and household fixed effects) in order to consistently estimate economic returns to education. Earnings function estimates reveal a sizeable gender asymmetry in economic returns to education, with returns to women's education being substantially and statistically significantly higher than men's. However, a decomposition of the gender wage gap suggests that there is highly differentiated treatment by employers. We conclude that the total labour market returns are much higher for men, despite returns to education being higher for women. This suggests that parents may have an investment motive in allocating more resources to boys than to girls within households.
Thesaurusschlagwörter woman; gender-specific factors; participation in education; education; labor market; Pakistan; man; gender
Klassifikation Arbeitsmarktforschung; Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung
Methode empirisch
Freie Schlagwörter education; rates of return
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2007
Erscheinungsort Cambridge
Seitenangabe 41 S.
Schriftenreihe RECOUP Working Papers, 1
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht kommerz., Keine Bearbeitung
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