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Javakheti after the Rose Revolution : progress and regress in the pursuit of national unity in Georgia

Javakheti nach der Rosenrevolution : Fortschritt und Rückschritt beim Streben nach nationaler Einheit in Georgien
[working paper]

Lohm, Hedvig

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Corporate Editor European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI)
Abstract 'Javakheti is situated in the South-East of Georgia, and is densely inhabited by Georgia's second largest national minority, Armenians. In most respects, Javakheti has been more dependent on Russia (in socio-economic terms) and Armenia (in cultural terms) than on its proper state, Georgia, since Georgia gained independence in 1991. Throughout the 1990s the region was often described as a 'potential hot-spot', yet another possible breakaway region in the Caucasus. This working paper will look into whether the situation has started to change in terms of whether Javakheti is now closer to becoming an integrated part of Georgia, given that territorial unity has been one of the main priorities of the Georgian government since the 'Rose Revolution' of 2003. The aim of this paper is thus to create a better understanding of the challenges that Javakheti faces, in order to facilitate an informed debate on the current situation and the future development of the region. This study is based on more than 50 interviews with local inhabitants, the authorities and other related parties as well as on a review of legal documents and analytical articles during November-December 2006.3 The paper is structured in four main parts. First, the recent socioeconomic developments in Javakheti will be accounted for. Second, the main NGOs and political actors in the region will be identified and the role of Armenia and Russia will be outlined. At the same time, a recent history of power structures will be provided, as well as an analysis of the current lack of a central framework for integration policies in Georgia. Subsequently the consequences of the ongoing local self-governance reforms, the local elections and the government's attempts to create national unity will be analysed. Finally differences in perceptions between Georgians and Armenians will be elaborated on.' (excerpt)
Keywords developing country; ethnic structure; power politics; Middle East; national identity; party; political movement; political leadership; political independence; political conflict; political change; government; revolution; Armenia; Georgia; USSR successor state; post-socialist country
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method descriptive study; empirical; qualitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2007
City Flensburg
Page/Pages 45 p.
Series ECMI Working Paper, 38
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications