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The European Union as determinant of Croatian trade policy

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Boromisa, Ana-Maria; Mikić, Mia

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Corporate Editor Institute of Public Finance, Zagreb; Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Kroatien
Abstract This paper identifies the degree to which the Republic of Croatia is prepared for EU integration in the area of trade and trade policy. According to a comparative analysis of the extent of integration into the European market, of Croatian trade policy and the policies of applicant countries, as well as of the conditions placed before the applicants by the EU, and the specific features of the EU trade regime, we determine where Croatia is relative to the other applicants. The next section identifies the key measures that need passing in the Republic of Croatia for adjustment to the EU and its trade institutions and to facilitate the free movement of goods between Croatia and the EU. The conclusion is that during the transition period, the reforms necessary for joining the EU were not carried out, and that progress is slower than in the other applicant countries. However, since Croatia started the EU convergence process at a higher level of development than some of the applicants, this lagging behind in the preparations for accession have not entirely wiped out the "first-mover" advantages of Croatia. The question arises, however, as to whether these will completely disappear with the first phase in the imminent enlargement of the EU.
Keywords Croatia; EU; WTO; trade policy; economic integration; joining the European Union; economic reform
Classification European Politics; Economic Policy
Method applied research; descriptive study
Free Keywords Croatia; trade; tradepolicy; natural trading partner
Collection Title Croatian accession to the European Union. Vol. 1, Economic and legal challenges
Editor Ott, Katarina
Document language English
Publication Year 2003
City Zagreb
Page/Pages p. 139-157
ISBN 953-6047-30-6
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works