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Euroscepticism in Croatia: on the far side of rationality?

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Štulhofer, Aleksandar

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-61306

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Corporate Editor Institute of Public Finance, Zagreb; Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Kroatien
Abstract This paper deals with the characteristics of euroscepticism in Croatia, defined as a combination of distrust in the European Union and distaste for membership. An analysis of the dynamics of the two dimensions shows that initially these two factors did not coincide, but that after 2004 they converged. Starting off from a theoretical model according to which the attitude to the EU is affected by both utilitarian or pragmatic as well as ethnic-cum-nationalist (symbolic) factors, the analysis of data collected at the end of 2003 on a probabilistic national sample draws attention to the heterogeneous motives behind euroscepticism, which calls into question the effectiveness of any single intervention strategy. Exclusive nationalism and its socio-cultural, political and economic premises have been confirmed as an important source of euroscepticism. As against symbolic motivations, the impact of utilitarian motives on the attitude to the EU turned out to be marginal, but it is not clear to what extent this result is the consequence of methodological constraints. The data also show that lack of trust in the EU partially reflects distrust in national institutions. The paper concludes with a brief list of recommendations, focused particularly on ways of increasing trust in both national and EU institutions.
Keywords Croatia; post-socialist country; EU; confidence; membership; joining the European Union; motive; political attitude; political opinion; nationalism; European institution
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; European Politics
Method descriptive study; empirical; quantitative empirical
Free Keywords European Union; euroscepticism; attitudes towards accession; public opinion; trust in the European Union; trust in national institutions; Croatia
Collection Title Croatian accession to the European Union. Vol. 4, The challenges of participation
Editor Ott, Katarina
Document language English
Publication Year 2006
City Zagreb
Page/Pages p. 141-160
ISBN 978-953-6047-77-2
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works
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