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Empirické přístupy v sociálně stratifikačním výzkumu vzdělanostních nerovností

Empirical Approaches in Social Stratification Research on Educational Inequalities
[journal article]

Simonová, Natalie; Katrňák, Tomáš

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Abstract This article provides a look at the main turning points in research on educational inequalities, both at the level of the fi eld’s subject matter and its methodology. The text focuses on authors and concepts that in their time constituted a major innovation, signifi cantly advancing analysis and knowledge in the fi eld of research on educational inequalities. In the article the authors propose viewing researchers in the fi eld of educational inequalities through the lens of their era and in relation to the major turning points between them, which can be identifi ed in terms of subject matter and methodology, and even chronologically. The authors define three basic periods, and for each one present two key concepts. The first period is represented by the basic model of the stratification process and by the socio-psychological model. The second period is characterised by the concept of educational allocation and the theory of ‘maximally maintained inequality’ (MMI). Presented for the third period are the multinomial transition model and the theory of ‘effectively maintained inequality’ (EMI). Across these stages of development the authors highlight three of the cited concepts as ground-breaking methodological innovations (the basic model of the stratification process, the concept of educational allocation, and the multinomial transition model) and the other three as innovations in subject matter (interpretive), though closely tied to the advancement of quantitative methods used in the analysis of educational inequalities (the socio-psychological model and the MMI and EMI theories).
Classification Methods and Techniques of Data Collection and Data Analysis, Statistical Methods, Computer Methods; Sociology of Education
Free Keywords access to education; educational inequality; educational research; measures of inequality
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages 725–743 p.
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 44 (2008) 4
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications