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Mohou rozdíly v laickém chápání zdraví vysvětlit rozdíly v subjektivním zdravotním stavu mezi statusovými skupinami?

Can Status Differences in Lay Knowledge about Health Explain Status Differences in Subjective Health?
[journal article]

Kreidl, Martin

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Abstract The author reviews the theory of socio-economic inequality in health & concludes that the use of cultural values to explain the ubiquitous association between the socio-economic standing (SES) of individuals & their health is becoming increasingly prominent. Inspired by this, the author examines whether & to what extent several aspects of lay knowledge about & attitudes towards health can explain the social gradient in subjective health in Central & Eastern Europe. The author uses data from the second round of the European Social Survey & limits the analysis to data from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, & Slovenia. The data show that while there is a strong relationship between education & subjective health & also a relationship between education & various measures of lay knowledge about health, beliefs about health are only very weakly related to subjective health & thus fail to account for its dependence on SES. The author concludes that this may be the result of reciprocal causation between lay knowledge & subjective health. More enhanced research designs would be required in order to gain a better empirical evaluation of the causal relationships between SES, lay knowledge, & health.
Classification Sociology
Free Keywords Social Status; Knowledge; Health; Social Inequality; Socioeconomic Status; Eastern Europe
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 55-86
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 44 (2008) 1
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications