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Czech and Polish Higher Education -- From Bureaucracy to Market Competition

[journal article]

Antonowicz, Dominik; Simonova, Natalie

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Abstract This article aims to compare two aspects of the education systems in two East European countries. As the political history of the Czech Republic & Poland in the past fifty years is similar, the authors compare the countries' development in tackling educational inequalities & attempt to evaluate their policies & reforms from the beginning of socialism to date. Despite many similarities & identical outcomes in the past (no effect in lowering levels of educational inequalities), these countries undertook two different approaches to the transformation of higher education after 1989. The specific current developments in higher education in the Czech Republic & Poland have been caused by conservative & reserved legislation in the former & the creation of new, very liberal rules for establishing non-state higher education institutions in the latter. As there emerged a considerable difference in the number of higher education institutions in each country, the authors show the negative impact on educational inequalities & the social consequences of the enormous increase in the number of students & private universities. Despite different approaches, the countries face many similar problems, such as quality assurance, a shortage of staff, & information asymmetry. These problems seem to be sharper in Poland, but it is only a matter of time for the Czech Republic.
Classification Sociology of Education; University Education
Free Keywords Educational Systems; Educational Inequality; Higher Education; Market Economy; Poland; Czech Republic; Political History
Document language English
Publication Year 2006
Page/Pages p. 517-536
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 42 (2006) 3
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications