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Zur soziologischen und linguistischen Analyse von Erzählungen

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Schütze, Fritz

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Abstract Apart from classical ways of using narrative analysis in everyday communication as well as in linguistics and sociology (eh. 3) it is conceivable to detect the narrator's interest constellations (eh. 4) and a central stock of his general action capacities and specific institutional skills (eh. 2,5) by way of his retrospective interpretation in verbal off-hand narratives of his own past eonduct. His willingness to tell about personal experiences gets hirn into constraints to become more specific on the one hand, for if events are being told their respeetive consequences as new events have to be revealed etc. This constraint to become more specific brings up the narrator's former and partly (at the time of the narrative) still existent actual interest constellations, because those are motivating, constituting elements of the events to be told about. On the other hand personally experienced stories point at wider action contexts and interrelationships (due to their retrospective character), and the kind in which narrators take account of these action contexts and interrelationships reveals something about their different degrees of action capacities (eh. 1). Both questions are only legitimate if we have the pre-eondition of the sociological narrative analysis as proposed here: that the action contexts in the narrative are not just subjeetively or even fictiously self-experienced, but really accomplished. This pre-condition of sociological narrative analysis can be justified as a plausible imputation by the following aspect: As long as personally experienced stories are really told as off-hand narratives, the telling of them has to keep up the red line of temporal and causal linkage of past experiences in their respective relationship with the narrator, who at the same time is one of the central persons of action or at least of suffering in the story. In that respect telling those stories reproduces the existential conditions and orientations of the actual action system in important dimensions (except the layer of actual definitions of the situation) (eh. 1).

Gegenstand des Aufsatzes sind die Charakteristika narrativer Prozesse und speziell die Analyse des Geschichtenerzählens in den Sprach- und Sozialwissenschaften. Nach einer ausführlichen Definition des Phänomens 'Erzählen von Geschichten' geht der Autor auf schon realisierte Aspekte und neue Verwendungsmöglichkeiten der Geschichtenanalyse in den oben genannten Wissenschaften ein. Realisierte Aspekte sind: 1. die Struktur des Geschichtenerzählens als rekapitulierende Erlebnis- und Erfahrungsverarbeitung, 2. Erzählmaterial als Textkorpus für außernarrativistische Fragestellungen, die Sprachverhalten betreffen, 3. das Erzählen von Geschichten als institutionalisierte retrospektive Reaktualisierung kanonischer Erfahrungskategorien und kultureller Werte einer Gesellschaft, 4. das Interesse am Erzählen von Geschichten, um Auskunft über unbekannte oder nur partiell bekannte Ereigniskonstellationen zu erhalten. Neue Verwendungsmöglichkeiten der Geschichtenanalyse in der Soziologie sind: 1. das Interesse am Erzählen von Geschichten, um Auskunft über den Wissensbestand, die Einstellung und/oder die Interessen des/der Erzähler(s) zu erhalten und 2. das Interesse am Erzählen von Geschichten, um Auskunft über die unterschiedlichen Fähigkeiten sozialer Aggregate zu erhalten. (GP)
Keywords action; competence; sociology; experience; language behavior; linguistics; narrative
Classification Methods and Techniques of Data Collection and Data Analysis, Statistical Methods, Computer Methods; Sociology of Communication, Sociology of Language, Sociolinguistics
Method basic research; theory formation
Free Keywords linguistische Analyse; Geschichte
Collection Title Beiträge zur Wissenssoziologie - Beiträge zur Religionssoziologie
Editor Dux, Günter; Luckmann, Thomas
Document language German
Publication Year 1976
Publisher Westdt. Verl.
City Opladen
Page/Pages p. 7-41
Series Internationales Jahrbuch für Wissens- und Religionssoziologie, Bd. 10
ISBN 3-531-11355-0
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works