Social Capital in Transition: A First Look at the Evidence

[journal article]

Wallace, Claire; Raiser, Martin; Haerpfer, Christian; Nowotny, Thomas

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Abstract This paper provides what we believe to be the first collection of data on social capital in the transition countries of Central/Eastern Europe & of the former Soviet Union. Using data from the World Values Survey 1990 & 1995 we document the degree of trust & of civic participation & find that these indicators of social capital are significantly lower than in OECD countries. The paper also provides a preliminary investigation of the link between social capital & growth during transition. Unlike in market economies, in transition countries trust is not positively related to growth; while participation in civic organizations shows a positive correlation. We also construct indicators of trust in public institutions & find positive correlations with growth rates. The positive association of civic participation with growth is robust to the use of instrumental variable techniques to control for potential problems of endogeneity.
Classification Macrosociology, Analysis of Whole Societies
Free Keywords Cultural Capital; Postcommunist Societies; Eastern Europe; Russia; Citizen Participation; Economic Development; Political Development; Crosscultural Differences; Central Asia
Document language English
Publication Year 2002
Page/Pages p. 693-720
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 38 (2002) 6
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
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