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Czech Women's Civic Organising under the State Socialist Regime, Socio-economic Transformation and the EU Accession Period

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Haskova, Hana

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Abstract The article describes Czech women's civic organising focused on gender equality & women's rights since the Second World War & explains its character & development in the context of (a) the state socialist regime, (b) the impact of foreign & international donors on Czech women's civic organising during the socio-economic & political transformation of the first part of the 1990s, & (c) the current process of the formalisation of Czech women's civic groups brought about by the Czech Republic's preparation for EU accession. The formalisation of women's civic groups is a process that consists of project-orientation, reform-orientation & the professionalisation of women's civic groups. In the era when the funding of women's civic groups has changed (as a result of EU Eastern enlargement) & the range of national political actors engaged in promoting gender equality has broadened (owing to pressure from the EU), these processes have brought about a shifts in the topics, activities, partnerships & strategies of Czech women's civic groups. These processes have contributed on the one hand to the marginalisation of those topics, activities & strategies previously addressed by some of Czech women's civic groups that do not fit in with the mainstream topics, activities & strategies defined by the EU (& by the EU influenced state). At the same time, however, some channels for having an impact on national decision-making processes have opened up to specific women's civic groups. EU Eastern enlargement paradoxically led to the orientation of women's civic groups towards national rather than supranational lobbying.
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies; History
Free Keywords Czech Republic; Womens Groups; Feminism; Group Formation; Civil Society; Postcommunist Societies; Womens History; Czechoslovakia
Document language English
Publication Year 2005
Page/Pages p. 1077-1110
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 41 (2005) 6
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications