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Krátké dějiny maďarské sociologie v letech 1948–1989

A Brief History of Hungarian Sociology between 1948 and 1989
[journal article]

Szabari, Vera

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Abstract The article offers a brief account of the history of Hungarian sociology during four decades of communist rule in Hungary. Beginning with the brief existence of the first department of sociology in Hungary (the 'Szalai Institute', 1946-1948) the author describes the field in the 1950s, when for political reasons sociology was marginalized to the point of extinction. The revival of sociology in Hungary during the 1960s is devoted considerable attention from an institutional, a personal & a doctrinal point of view. The author analyses the main branches of study in Hungarian sociology at the time, including critical sociology & the study of social stratification, which overcame the rigidity of official Marxist-Leninist doctrine. She characterizes the last two decades of state socialism in Hungary as a period when sociology both suffered from increased political repression (stronger in the early 1970s than later) & at the same time became more & more professional. She argues that a determining feature of the history of Hungarian sociology between 1948 & 1989 was its strong connection to politics. However, sociology & politics had a mutual influence on one another during this period, as sociology also had an impact on the way Communist Party officials approached the structure of Hungarian society. In the process, sociology evolved & was professionalized, enabling its existence as an autonomous discipline today.
Classification General Sociology, Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Sociology, Sociological Theories
Free Keywords Hungary; Socialist Societies; History of Sociology
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2005
Page/Pages p. 659-673
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 41 (2005) 4
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications