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Is There One Best 'Model of Democracy'? Efficiency and Representativeness: 'Theoretical Revolution' or Democratic Dilemma?


Novak, Miroslav


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-54192

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Abstract Considers the degree to which various democratic models further the goals of efficiency & representativeness in the context of Eastern European democratization, providing a critical analysis of Arend Lijphart's (eg, 1994) thesis that consensus democracy is superior to majoritarian democracy. It is argued that efficiency in the sense of action capacity on the part of both government & governed is as important a criterion for the constitutional design of a democracy as is efficiency in the sense of socioeconomic performance, an assertion that adheres to Joseph A. Schumpeter's (1962) theory of democracy. Lijphart is criticized for privileging the socioeconomic definition of efficiency, the manner in which he contrasts efficiency & representativeness, & neglecting the importance of national context in selecting/evaluating a democratic model. Against Lijphart, it is concluded that a consensual model using a strictly proportional electoral system is undesirable for relatively homogeneous, nonpolarized democratizing countries (eg, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland), because it favors fragmentation & inhibits governmental action capacity.
Klassifikation Staat, staatliche Organisationsformen
Freie Schlagwörter Political Development; Political Systems; Postcommunist Societies; Eastern Europe; Democracy; Representation; Efficiency; Lijphart, Arend;
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 1997
Seitenangabe S. 131-157
Zeitschriftentitel Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 5 (1997) 2
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung