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Economic Change and Change in Well-Being in the Czech Republic, with Comparisons to Married Women in the United States

[journal article]

Pechacova, Zdenka; Lorenz, Frederick O.; Hraba, Joseph; Conger, Rand D.

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Abstract Examines the effects of economic change on individual well-being for a panel of married Czech women compared with a US sample from IA (N = 192 & 386, respectively, in 1990/91). Questionnaire data show that respondents who were forced to make economic adjustments reducing their standard of living also reported increased health problems & depressive symptoms. Contrary to some US findings the relationship between economic adjustments & change in depressive symptoms was strongest among those who reported having the strongest sense of personal control (mastery) & the highest perceived social support. Compared with the US sample, married Czech women reported more depressive symptoms, had more health problems, & were lower in feelings of mastery. In addition, Czech women recorded significantly stronger paths linking education to changes in health conditions & depressive symptoms, whereas US women had significantly stronger paths linking actual economic conditions to subsequent economic adjustments. Data suggest that the US stress-distress model applies in the Czech Republic as well, but further understanding of the differentiated role of social support & mastery for Czech & US women is necessray to more completely interpret the observed interactions.
Classification Social Psychology; Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies
Free Keywords Adjustment; Wives; Iowa; Health; Females; Mental Health; Depression (Psychology); Economic Change; Czech Republic; Well Being; United States of America; Postcommunist Societies; individual well-being, married women, economic change effects, Czech Republic vs US; questionnaires; Iowa;
Document language English
Publication Year 1996
Page/Pages p. 43-62
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 4 (1996) 1
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications