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The Price of Velvet: Thomas Masaryk and Vaclav Havel


Gellner, Ernest


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-53735

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Abstract Contrasts the philosophies of Tomas G. Masaryk & Vaclav Havel, the men who led the Czech Velvet Revolution in 1918 & 1989. Masaryk opposed a regime he would not fully reject until later in life, whereas Havel opposed an indisputably repulsive regime. For this reason, Masaryk sought deeper reasons for the revolution & legitimated the renewal of the Czech state with his philosophy of history. Positing that the world evolved from theocracy to democracy, Masaryk argued that the Czechs initially provided the impetus for the shift dcuring the fifteenth-century Hussite movement, lost touch with the democratization process after the Battle on the White Mountain in 1620, & returned to the mainstream of European history in their fight against absolutism. Masaryk's faith in the meaning & strength of democracy was subsequently destroyed by the Munich Agreement. Havel, by contrast, based his politcal vision not on the philosophy of history, but on belief in democratic values. Both men have accepted a rather high level of continuity with the overturned political structures, which may be the price of a 'velvet' approach to political revolution.
Klassifikation politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur; Geschichte
Freie Schlagwörter Intellectual History; Political Philosophy; Presidents; Democracy; Czech Republic; political philosophy, Czech Tomas G. Masaryk vs Vaclav Havel, 1918-1989;
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 1995
Seitenangabe S. 45-57
Zeitschriftentitel Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 3 (1995) 1
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung