Export für Ihre Literaturverwaltung

Übernahme per Copy & Paste



Bookmark and Share

Four Milestones in the Social and Economic Development of Czech Agriculture


Majerova, Vera


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-53396

Weitere Angaben:
Abstract The development of agriculture in Czechoslovakia has a rich history. Some authors talk about two discontinuities (collectivization & decollectivization). However, in the almost 100-year long evolution, at least four major turnarounds can be registered: the agrarian crisis at the turn of the century; the 1919 land reform; collectivization after 1949; & transformation after 1989. The events of this century that acted as the most important impulses of social change are evidently WWI & WWII. Outside these events, the political-administrative form changed seven times during 100 years (the Austro-Hungarian Empire to 1918, the First Republic 1918-1938, the Second Republic 1938/39, the Protectorate Bohmen & Mahre under German occupational direction 1939-1945, the Czechoslovak Republic 1945-1960, the Czechoslovak Socialistic Republic 1960-1968, the Czechoslovak Federative Republic 1968-1993, & the Czech Republic from 1993). Included in this enumeration are the connection with Slovakia in 1918 & the separation of Slovakia on two occasions, in 1939 & 1993. Agriculture went through a rise as well as a deep fall in prestige in this history. Agricultural workers as a social group have gone through major ups & downs, & the present situation is not prosperous for them. The key problem of Czech agriculture is a parallelism of high indebtedness & a low rate of enterprise profit. The problem in rural areas is related to the high rate of unemployment & growing migration. The development of agriculture within the framework of the Common Agricultural Policy in Europe remains an open question.
Klassifikation Wirtschaftssektoren
Freie Schlagwörter Agricultural Development; Agricultural Workers; Czechoslovakia; Czech Republic; Slovak Republic; Political History; Political Change
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2000
Seitenangabe S. 157-176
Zeitschriftentitel Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 8 (2000) 2
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung