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Rise and Decline of Right-Wing Extremism in the Czech Republic in the 1990s

[journal article]

Vlachova, Klara; Kreidl, Martin

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-53232

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Abstract Explores the recent history, regional correlates, & social background of right-wing extremism in the Czech Republic, namely of the republican party (SPR-RSC). After briefly describing the development of right-wing extremism in the Czech Republic over the last decade, sociological theories about the rise of the extreme Right in Europe are reviewed & their applicability to the SPR-RSC assessed. Findings reveal that social background does not distinguish republican voters from their counterparts in other European countries. Consequently, electoral volatility between left- & right-wing parties & the SPR-RSC is analyzed, placing the party somewhere in the Left part of the Czech political spectrum. Next, some regional correlates of Czech right-wing extremism are investigated. A higher inclination toward right-wing extremism is found in rural regions with high unemployment & crime rates. Suggested in conclusion are possible explanations for the SPR-RSC's failure in the elections for the Chamber of Deputies in June 1998. It is argued that social insecurity & rising unemployment may have led a number of SPR-RSC supporters to vote Left. Further, the SPR-RSC failed to mobilize nonvoters & first-time voters in 1998.
Classification Political System, Constitution, Government; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Free Keywords Social Theories; Voting Behavior; Czech Republic; Right Wing Politics; Extremism; Political Parties
Document language English
Publication Year 2000
Page/Pages p. 69-91
Journal Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review, 8 (2000) 1
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications