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Disfavored in Life, Favored in Death? Later-Life Mortality Differences (Ages 30+) between Migrants and Natives in Antwerp, Rotterdam and Stockholm, 1850-1930

Benachteiligt im Leben, begünstigt im Tod? Unterschiede in der Erwachsenensterblichkeit (Altersgruppe 30+) zwischen Migranten und Einheimischen in Antwerpen, Rotterdam und Stockholm, 1850-1930

Puschmann, Paul; Donrovich, Robyn; Grönberg, Per-Olof; Dekeyser, Graziela; Matthijs, Koen


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Abstract Differences in adult mortality were studied between natives and domestic and international migrants in three Northwestern European cities during different stages of the epidemiological transition. Event history analysis was conducted for mortality risk at ages 30+ using life course data retrieved from three large historical demographic micro-level databases. Results provide ample evidence of healthy migrant effects in Antwerp, Rotterdam, and Stockholm, and the effect was particularly strong among domestic migrants in Rotterdam. The multivariate analyses show that the early life environment, as well as positive selection effects, contributed to the healthy migrant effect: As migration distance increased, mortality risks declined. Being born in the countryside and moving later in life to a city were also associated with lower mortality risks. Although migrants overall had lower mortality risks than natives, we discovered, four vulnerable sub-groups whose mortality risk not only increased, but eventually exceeded that of natives: (1) rural migrants in the period when major epidemics belonged to the past, (2) international migrants who lost their partner, (3) Italian and Italian-speaking Swiss men in Rotterdam, and (4) medium-distance domestic migrant men in Antwerp.
Thesaurusschlagwörter adult; migrant; native citizen; mortality; aging; health status; place of residence; residential environment; town; rural area; regional comparison; exclusion; socioeconomic factors; Belgium; Netherlands; Sweden
Klassifikation Sozialgeschichte, historische Sozialforschung; Bevölkerung
Freie Schlagwörter later-life mortality; healthy migrant effect; urban penalty; early life environment
Sprache Dokument Deutsch
Publikationsjahr 2016
Seitenangabe S. 257-290
Zeitschriftentitel Historical Social Research, 41 (2016) 4
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12759/hsr.41.2016.4.257-290
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht-kommerz.