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Strukturwandlungen des österreichischen Nationalsozialismus (1904-1945)

Structural Changes in Austrian National Socialism, 1904-1945
[journal article]

Botz, Gerhard


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Abstract In the effort to determine whether and to what extent the Austrian National So-cialist Party was indigenous to Austria or primarily a German import, a quanti-tative analysis of party membership shows that the NSDAP in Austria was less attached to a specific social group than any other contemporary party. In a sense it was a "very modern political phenomenon," a conglomeration of nearly all classes, with those middle classes overrepresented, which had a certain anti-liberal tradition and felt extremely disadvantaged. Once it became a mass movement, it was an "asymmetrical populist party" that adapted its character according to the exigencies of time and place, except that it rarely appealed to the workers of the left.
Keywords Austria; Nazism; fascism; National Socialist German Workers' Party; party supporter; membership; social structure
Classification General History; Social History, Historical Social Research
Document language German
Publication Year 2016
Page/Pages p. 214-240
Journal Historical Social Research, Supplement (2016) 28
Issue topic Gerhard Botz - Zeitgeschichte zwischen Politik, Biografie und Methodik: Gewalt und Nationalsozialismus in Österreich im 20. Jahrhundert
ISSN 0936-6784
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works