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Ungerechtigkeit, die Demonstranten, Zufall und die Polizei: der 15. Juli 1927. Bildanalysen zu einem Wendepunkt in der Geschichte Österreichs

Injustice, Demonstrators, Contingency and Police: July 15, 1927. An Image Analysis of a Turning Point in Austrian History
[journal article]

Botz, Gerhard


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Abstract This article presents the results of an analysis of different sources concerned with the workers' revolt of July 15, 1927 (also known as the Vienna Palace of Justice fire). The author pays special attention to the socio-historical and source-critical evaluation of more than 100 photographs illustrating this fire on July 15, 1927 by using the shadows on buildings in order to establish an exact dating of the documented acts of violence. This "shadow method" he developed himself allows to clarify the motivations and social composition of the protesters and reveal the role of the police in escalating the violence. He is able to establish an exact chronology of the events and an explanation of the social dynamics leading to a death toll of 85 demonstrators and 4 police men.
Keywords Austria; Vienna; First Republic; protest; demonstration; labor movement; political conflict; political violence; social democracy; police
Classification General History; Social History, Historical Social Research
Free Keywords Revolt of July 15, 1927; Palace of Justice; photographic image analysis
Document language German
Publication Year 2016
Page/Pages p. 160-190
Journal Historical Social Research, Supplement (2016) 28
Issue topic Gerhard Botz - Zeitgeschichte zwischen Politik, Biografie und Methodik: Gewalt und Nationalsozialismus in Österreich im 20. Jahrhundert
ISSN 0936-6784
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works