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Das Graphische Viertel: ein citynahes Mischgebiet der Stadt Leipzig im Transformationsprozeß; vom Druckgewerbe- zum Bürostandort

The Graphic District: a mixed area near to the city centre of Leipzig in the process of transformation; from the printing trade to a office location

Denzer, Vera; Grundmann, Luise


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Abstract The processes of transformation resulting from the pressure to adapt to the level of western and international markets has led to the loss of traditional economic bases and jobs in eastern German big cities, especially in the secondary sector. A process linked with this is the fact that trade and industrial fallows have come into being. What was first of all characteristic for the formation of the service society was the development outwards to suburbanisation and the fact that the city has lost its function. At the present, the development inwards, meaning opening up possibilities through renewing and refunctionalising areas, is becoming more and more important in the framework of sustained urban development. The mixed areas that are in the area of the city centre and that are developed in the architectural style of the period of promoterism are under special pressure to either undergo change or be crowded out. Because of the attractive historical buildings and the favourable location in relation to the city centre, they are especially affected by processes of gentrification and assume the functions of areas for service organisations to expand from the city centre. We would like to take the example of a mixed area in the City of Leipzig to investigate in greater detail the process of deterioration of traditional structures, their persistence as well as introducing new economic, social and cultural functions. This area bordering immediately on the eastern side of the city centre bears the designation of the Graphic District because it was once concentrated in one space and the fact that the paper, publishing and printing trade dominated here. In the first portion, we will present a historical and geographic analysis of the development of the utility structure in various important time periods. Based upon this, we will take stock of the present mixed structures in the second portion and make an analysis of the location with the aid of utilisation mapping and a standardised oral survey of entrepreneurs. The freedom of movement to be found in the Graphic District, the larger industrial fallows as well as residential and commercial buildings from the period of promoterism that still exist there from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century offer sufficient space for the development of an expanding service sector in the city with its office space needs. It is already one of the main locations of Leipzig's large office complexes that have come about partially as a result of new buildings being built and partially as a result of reconstructing historical buildings. Residential buildings are also being built to a great extent and flats renovated at a high standard in the city centre. Since the Graphic District was not especially promoted either as a select commercial area or as a "model area" of the city, it has primarily been groups of private economic protagonists who have had an essential influence upon its development. We can also observe a varying process of occupying office space over a staggered period of time, whereby the amount of empty space is somewhat high. Furthermore, enterpriseorientated service suppliers utilise the benefits of this location, the fact that it is favourable to traffic and the historical or newly formed image of the district. In conclusion, we will make a critical evaluation of the Graphic District location from our studies as an office and business site for individual sectors from the point of view of the group of protagonists from commercial, trade and service suppliers and view for the future development.
Thesaurusschlagwörter Federal Republic of Germany; Saxony; city quarter; town; structure; transformation; industry; tertiary sector; urban development; office; location; historical development; Germany; structural change; area utilization; commerce; service
Klassifikation Raumplanung und Regionalforschung; Siedlungssoziologie, Stadtsoziologie; Wirtschaftssektoren; Volkswirtschaftstheorie
Sprache Dokument Deutsch
Publikationsjahr 1999
Seitenangabe S. 37-50
Zeitschriftentitel Europa Regional, 7.1999 (1999) 3
ISSN 0943-7142
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung