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Aspiring by Degree: Outbound Student Migration from India to Germany

Bildungshunger: Indische Studierende in Deutschland
[working paper]

Jayadeva, Sazana

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Corporate Editor GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien, Institut für Asien-Studien
Abstract For Germany, India is the second most important source of foreign postgraduate students, after China. Student flows from India are contributing significantly to Germany's efforts to internationalise higher education in the country and address labour market skills shortages. Understanding what is driving postgraduate student migration from India to Germany is crucial for further increasing these flows. In India, awareness about Germany as a study destination has been growing in recent years but remains low compared to awareness regarding more traditional study destinations for Indian students, such as the USA, the UK, and Australia. Indian students heading to Germany are attracted by the low cost of education, courses taught in English, the perceived high quality of education, the availability of paid part-time work opportunities during study, an 18-month post-study visa, and the EU Blue Card scheme, together with the perceived availability of good jobs. Overall, the cost advantage German universities offer over universities in the USA, the UK, and Australia is the main draw for most students heading to Germany. Engineering and information technology (IT) courses are the most popular among Indian students in Germany, with the vast majority of these students enrolled on such courses. Students first encounter the possibility of study in Germany through their social networks or private education consultancies, both of which - along with social media sites - serve as important conduits of information and support to aspirant student migrants to Germany. Policy Implications: To benefit from rising Indian student flows to Europe, the cost advantage of German universities must be preserved. Also, students should be given more opportunities to directly interact with representatives of German universities, as education consultancies have limited incentives to recommend study in Germany. The value of embarking on courses other than engineering should be demonstrated.
Keywords Federal Republic of Germany; Indian; India; student; alien; studies (academic); post-graduate studies; university level of education; statuary regulation; duration of stay; work permit; guidance and counseling; DAAD; social media
Classification University Education
Free Keywords International migration; Studies abroad; Incentives; Germany Studies (university); Social media; Advisory institutions/bodies
Document language English
Publication Year 2016
City Hamburg
Page/Pages 11 p.
Series GIGA Focus Asien, 5
ISBN 1862-359X
Status Published Version; not reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works