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Powersharing and Democratic Survival


Graham, Benjamin A.T.; Miller, Michael K.; Strøm, Kaare W.


Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-47772-6

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Körperschaftlicher Herausgeber Institut für Höhere Studien (IHS), Wien
Abstract Democracy is often fragile, especially in states that have recently experienced civil conflict. To protect emerging democracies, many scholars and practitioners recommend political powersharing institutions. Yet there is little empirical research on whether powersharing promotes democratic survival, and some concern that it can limit electoral accountability. To fill this gap, we differentiate between inclusive, dispersive, and constraining powersharing and analyze their effects on democratic survival using a new global dataset. We find sharp distinctions across types of powersharing and political context. Inclusive powersharing, such as ethnic quotas, promotes democratic survival only in post-conflict settings. In contrast, dispersive institutions such as federalism destabilize post-conflict democracies. Only constraining powersharing consistently facilitates democratic survival in societies both with and without recent conflict. Our results suggest that institution-builders and international organizations should prioritize institutions that constrain leaders, including independent judiciaries, civilian control of the armed forces, and constitutional protections of individual and group rights.
Thesaurusschlagwörter power; structure; democracy; political influence; separation of powers; conception of democracy; international comparison; political institution; political system
Klassifikation politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur; Staat, staatliche Organisationsformen
Freie Schlagwörter Powersharing
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2016
Erscheinungsort Wien
Seitenangabe 43 S.
Schriftenreihe Reihe Politikwissenschaft / Institut für Höhere Studien, Abt. Politikwissenschaft, 141
ISSN 1605-8003
Status Veröffentlichungsversion
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung