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Cursus Honorum: Personal Background, Careers and Experience of Political Leaders in Democracy and Dictatorship - New Data and Analyses

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Baturo, Alexander

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Abstract Politics in democracy and dictatorship is markedly different; democracy and dictatorship are also associated with distinct policy outcomes. Do political regimes also select different leaders, i.e., do democratic leaders have distinct personal backgrounds to those of their peers in dictatorships, do they tend to hold different prior careers and posts while climbing the "greasy pole" of politics? The aim of this paper is to introduce the new data on leaders' careers in democracy and dictatorship and compare their personal background, experience in politics, careers and significant posts prior to their tenure, and details about their time in office, inter alia. In general, democratic leaders differ from nondemocratic ones in terms of their educational, social and career background. The paper also finds significant differences among leaders in different nondemocratic regimes, and suggests possible venues for further research. (author's abstract)
Keywords dictatorship; democracy; political leadership; political culture; political power; career politician; political elite; biography; life career; personality; personality development; democratization; policy implementation; political agenda; political decision
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Personality Psychology
Document language English
Publication Year 2016
Page/Pages p. 138-152
Journal Politics and Governance, 4 (2016) 2
Issue topic New Approaches to Political Leadership
ISSN 2183-2463
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution