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Evaluations of the Spitzenkandidaten: the Role of Information and News Exposure in Citizens' Preference Formation

[Zeitschriftenartikel]

Gattermann, Katjana; Vreese, Claes H. de; Brug, Wouter van der

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Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://doi.org/10.17645/pag.v4i1.460

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Abstract The 2014 European Parliament (EP) elections were characterised by a novel element in European Union (EU) politics. For the first time, the major European party families put forward top candidates for President of the European Commission, the so-called Spitzenkandidaten. This paper tests whether this innovation had the potential to - at least partially - alleviate the alleged accountability deficit. We rely on original survey data to assess citizens’ preferences for each of the main Spitzenkandidaten: Jean-Claude Juncker, Martin Schulz, and Guy Verhofstadt. Our research is guided by three questions: what explains whether citizens formulate a preference for a certain Spitzenkandidat? Which factors are responsible for variations in such preferences? And, are these explanations moderated by citizens’ political awareness? We show that three factors enable citizens to formulate a preference for the Spitzenkandidaten: news exposure, general EU political information, and campaign-specific information about the Spitzenkandidaten. Furthermore, we demonstrate that only the most knowledgeable citizens are able to use party cues in their evaluations of the Spitzenkandidaten. The implications of our findings are discussed with reference to the EU’s democratic deficit debate. (auhtor's abstract)
Thesaurusschlagwörter EU; European Parliament; election to the European Parliament; parliamentary election; election campaign; candidacy; nomination of candidates; European Commission; president; party; preference; voter; voting behavior; mobilization; political attitude; formulation of political objectives; personalization
Klassifikation politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur; Europapolitik
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2016
Seitenangabe S. 37-54
Zeitschriftentitel Politics and Governance, 4 (2016) 1
Heftthema How Different Were the European Elections of 2014?
ISSN 2183-2463
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung
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