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Preventing Mass Atrocities: Ideological Strategies and Interventions

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Maynard, Jonathan Leader

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Abstract Both scholars and international actors frequently stress the important role played by anti-civilian ideologies in escalating risks of mass atrocities against civilians. Yet strategies to combat and counter anti-civilian ideologies remain an uncertain and understudied component of atrocity prevention, and scepticism about their efficacy is to be expected. This paper provides a preliminary framework for thinking about strategies and interventions designed to counter the ideological causes of mass atrocities. First, I briefly clarify what existing research seems to suggest the role of ideology in mass atrocities is, and is not. I caution against cruder or overly strong theses about the role ideology plays, but clarify that whilst ideology’s actual causal impact is varying and complex, it is also significant. Second, I clarify what ideological interventions and strategies might be reasonably expected to do, and comparatively assess them against more dominant existing prevention tools to show that their preventive potential is sufficiently high to warrant usage. Finally, I provide guidelines on how the effort to formulate ideological strategies and interventions for preventing mass atrocities should best proceed. (author's abstract)
Keywords genocide; massacre; civil war; political conflict; ethnic conflict; political ideology; ideology; propaganda; human rights; etiology; prevention; intervention
Classification Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Document language English
Publication Year 2015
Page/Pages p. 67-84
Journal Politics and Governance, 3 (2015) 3
Issue topic Mass Atrocity Prevention (Part I)
ISSN 2183-2463
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution